Gordon Syndrome

Gordon syndrome is a rare, inherited genetic disorder where affected joints remain permanently curved or flexed, restricting normal movement. Gordon syndrome is a distal arthrogryposis, a classification of disorders that involves stiffness and impeded mobility of lower extremity joints in the distal extremities, or knees, ankles, elbows, and wrists. Gordon syndrome can cause the foot […]

Enchondroma

Enchondromas develop in the bone underneath the toenail and are small, benign composed of cartilage. The tumors are composed of cartilage that forms in the bone and are usually painless, which is why they often go undiagnosed unless they are revealed during or screenings done for other diagnoses. Enchondromas that form at the end of […]

Dysplasia

Dysplasia is abnormal cell growth. In the foot, dysplasia results in cartilage overgrowth at the tips of the carpal or tarsal bones that affects the adjacent bone joints. It usually occurs in one limb, not both, which can result in uneven lengths in corresponding limbs. Dysplasia can affect other bones of the leg and hip […]

Club Foot

Clubfoot is a condition where one or both feet are positioned rotating inward or downward in a mild or severe manner. The affected foot may also be smaller than usual, particularly in the heel area. It is usually congenital and may even be visible in an in-utero . Clubfoot does not cause pain and can […]

Claw Toe

Claw toe, also called claw foot, is a deformity that causes toes to bend upward or downward from a joint. The bottom part of the toe bends up from the joints at the ball of the foot, whereas the top part or tip of the toe bends down from the middle joints, taking on the […]

Bunions

A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint that results from bone misalignment or repositioning at the joint. Although bunions occur most frequently at the base of the big toe, they can also arise on the outside of the foot at the base of the small toe. When the joint at the base […]

Amniotic Band Syndrome

Amniotic band syndrome, or ABS, is a rare condition that affects the fetus during pregnancy. About 1 in 1,200 babies are impacted by amniotic band syndrome. With ABS, thin, fibrous strands of tissue develop inside the amniotic sac and then entrap the fetus’s limbs, digits, or other fetal body parts. The fibrous bands can limit […]

Overlapping and Underlapping Toes

Overlapping and underlapping toes occur when toes are out of position. The conditions can be congenital due to inheritance or the fetus’s in-utero position, or they can develop over time from ill-fitting footwear that constricts or pressures the toes, keeping them bunched rather than flat. It can also stem from a . An overlapping toe […]

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is characterized by acute pain in the ball of the upper foot region, or the area between the foot’s arch and toes. There are five metatarsal bones running down the middle of the foot from the toes to the ankle; when one of the nerves between the metatarsals becomes inflamed, metatarsalgia and its accompanying […]

Mallet Toe

Mallet toe happens when the joint at the tip of the toe remains bent and unable to straighten. The condition, caused by and bone and muscle imbalances, can be painful due to the toe’s down-turned tip rubbing against footwear, which creates pressure on the toe. Formation of on top of the affected toe is common […]